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Nutrition and Metabolic Insights

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Utility of Corticosteroids in the Treatment of Hyperemesis Gravidarum

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Nutrition and Metabolic Insights 2015:Suppl. 1 23-32

Review

Published on 04 Feb 2016

DOI: 10.4137/NMI.S29532


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Abstract

Background: Corticosteroids (CCS) are effective in reducing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, but it is unknown whether CCS are ­effective in treating hyperemesis gravidarum (HG).

Methods: We searched PubMed and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception to May 15, 2015, for randomized controlled trials examining the effects of CCS in HG.

Results: We identified five trials (n = 310) examining the effects of CCS in women with HG. Meta-analysis was possible for one outcome (n = 214) and showed no significant effect of CCS on readmission rates (odds ratio, 0.37; 95% confidence internal: 0.1–1.35). Two small studies (n = 104) reported a reduction of vomiting episodes, and one (n = 24) found improvement of well-being, but no effect on other outcomes. None of the studies that investigated perinatal outcome (n = 173) found an effect of CCS and were underpowered to investigate teratogenic effects. We found evidence of publication bias.

Conclusion: Meta-analysis yielded no effect of CCS therapy on readmission rates. Single small studies indicated possible beneficial effects on other outcomes. Future high-quality trials are necessary and would benefit from consensus on HG definition and core outcomes of HG therapy.



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