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Clinical Medicine Insights: Oncology

Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Focus on Novel Therapeutic Strategies

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Clinical Medicine Insights: Oncology 2012:6 205-217

Review

Published on 16 May 2012

DOI: 10.4137/CMO.S7244


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The Editor-in-Chief has endorsed this article

A nice review on the recent advances about treatment for acute myeloid leukemia.

Abstract

Abstract: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease with variable clinical outcomes. Cytogenetic analysis reveals which patients may have favorable risk disease, but 5-year survival in this category is only approximately 60%, with intermediate and poor risk groups faring far worse. Advances in our understanding of the biology of leukemia pathogenesis and prognosis have not been matched with clinical improvements. Unsatisfactory outcomes persist for the majority of patients with AML, particularly the elderly. Novel agents and treatment approaches are needed in the induction, post-remission and relapsed settings. The additions of clofarabine for relapsed or refractory disease and the hypomethylating agents represent recent advances. Clinical trials of FLT3 inhibitors have yielded disappointing results to date, with ongoing collaborations attempting to identify the optimal role for these agents. Potential leukemia stem cell targeted therapies and treatments in the setting of minimal residual disease are also under investigation. In this review, we will discuss recent advances in AML treatment and novel therapeutic strategies.



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