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Cancer Informatics

Applying Multivariate Adaptive Splines to Identify Genes With Expressions Varying After Diagnosis in Microarray Experiments

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Cancer Informatics 2017:16 1176935117705381

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Published on 04 May 2017

DOI: 10.1177/1176935117705381


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Abstract

Purpose:

To analyze a microarray experiment to identify the genes with expressions varying after the diagnosis of breast cancer.

Methods:

A total of 44 928 probe sets in an Affymetrix microarray data publicly available on Gene Expression Omnibus from 249 patients with breast cancer were analyzed by the nonparametric multivariate adaptive splines. Then, the identified genes with turning points were grouped by K-means clustering, and their network relationship was subsequently analyzed by the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis.

Results:

In total, 1640 probe sets (genes) were reliably identified to have turning points along with the age at diagnosis in their expression profiling, of which 927 expressed lower after turning points and 713 expressed higher after the turning points. K-means clustered them into 3 groups with turning points centering at 54, 62.5, and 72, respectively. The pathway analysis showed that the identified genes were actively involved in various cancer-related functions or networks.

Conclusions:

In this article, we applied the nonparametric multivariate adaptive splines method to a publicly available gene expression data and successfully identified genes with expressions varying before and after breast cancer diagnosis.



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