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AMA Reference Style Guide


On this page → Formatting references

Articles published in SAGE Insights journals use the AMA reference formatting style. 

Description of the format

References to a work or a part of a work inside the manuscript appear as numbered citations. At the end of the manuscript each reference is listed in full prefixed by the number used in the manuscript.

Within the manuscript numbered citations are generally formatted as superscripted numbers starting from 1 and numbered in the order in which they appear in the manuscript. Numbers appear after the closest following comma or full stop, but before the closest following colon or semicolon.

Where multiple sources need to be cited at the same point separate the numbers with commas.

Where page numbers need to be cited after a reference number, they should be placed in parentheses following the citation number.

Parenthetical citations are used within the text for sources not suitable for inclusion in the references list at the end of the paper. Typically personal communications and unpublished data would be treated in this way. Within the brackets, the author's name, including their initials, and an indication of the type of source, i.e. "unpublished data", and the month and year should be given.

Authors' surnames are given in full, and for their first and middle names only the initials are given following the surname. Where there are six or less authors each name is separated by a comma without any other words. Where there are more than six authors only the first three authors are given followed by "et al."

How do I find AMA reference style in EndNote?

In EndNote X2 the AMA style is under JAMA, which is ordered below J Zoology.  If you cannot find it in the EndNote Styles folder you can download it here and then save it in the Styles folder.

Scholarly Journals

Capitalize the first letter in the first word of article titles and also any proper names or abbreviations which are normally capitalized, i.e. IBM. Journal titles are fully capitalized and italicized.

Brown BB. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Lorem Ipsum Dolor. 1988;2:124-143.

Electronic and Online Resources

Where the resource is accessed through a database indicate which database. If it is accessed through a website provide the URL. In both cases indicate the type of resource and when it was accessed.

Smith AA, Brown BB, Jones CC. Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet, Consectetuer Adipiscing Elit [e-book]. New York: Oxford University Press; 1988. Available from: Netlibrary. Accessed June 4 2004.

Smith AA, Brown BB, Jones CC. Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet, Consectetuer Adipiscing Elit [e-book]. New York: Oxford University Press; 1988. Available at: http://www.loremipsumdolor.net Accessed June 4 2004.

Monographs

Capitalize the significant words of the title. Words such as "and," "the," "to" and "or" are not capitalized unless they appear at the beginning of the title. Italicize the entire title.

Smith AA. Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet, Consectetuer Adipiscing Elit. New York: Oxford University Press; 1988.

Monographs with Specific Pages Or Multiple Authors

Note that more than six authors are treated differently. A page or page range is given after the copyright year and separated from the copyright year using a colon.

Smith AA, Brown BB, Jones CC. Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet, Consectetuer Adipiscing Elit. New York: Oxford University Press; 1988:23-36.

Monographs in Second Or Later Editions

Smith AA, Brown BB, Jones CC. Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet, Consectetuer Adipiscing Elit. 9th ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 1988.

Where a Monograph Has No Listed Author or Editor

Where this is the case, substitute the translator or editor's name.

Edited Volumes

Indicate this using "ed." and by appending information indicating the series to which the book belongs where appropriate.

Smith AA, ed. Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet, Consectetuer Adipiscing Elit. New York: Oxford University Press; 1988. New American Latin Series; No. 4.

Articles or Separately Authored Chapters In Edited Volumes

Smith AA. Lorem Ipsum Dolor. In: Brown BB, Jones CC, eds. Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet, Consectetuer Adipiscing Elit. New York: Oxford University Press; 1988:32-46

Multi-Volume Works

Smith AA, Brown BB, Jones CC. Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet, Consectetuer Adipiscing Elit. Vol 2. New York: Oxford University Press; 1988.

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