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Prior to the commencement of peer review, an initial assessment of your manuscript will be conducted to ensure that all required information is provided. Your paper will not be accepted for peer review until any problems identified have been addressed. Where problems are found, you will be contacted promptly. You will be given full information on how to remedy them, except in cases where the problem precludes further processing of your manuscript. This typically arises where manuscripts are determined to be outside the scope of the journal.
It is an unfortunate fact that instances of author misconduct are increasing and while we see relatively few instances of this, we are obliged to assess all incoming manuscripts carefully. Each initial assessment covers approximately twenty different points including the following:
1. Verification of authors' details
2. Ensuring that the paper is within the scope of the journal and suitable for peer review
3. Evaluation paper for possible plagiarism or duplicate publication (also known as self-plagiarism)
4. Ensuring all information needed by peer reviewers and editorial decision-maker is present
This list is not exhaustive and is subject to change. If no problems arise from the initial assessment, your manuscript will proceed to peer review.

Staff contact information is provided at the end of the manuscript submission process. Please ensure that you read and respond promptly to any emails received from staff; failure to respond to emails at this stage will create processing delays and may lead to manuscript processing being halted.

During the manuscript submission process you will be provided with a My Author Portal account. My Author Portal is our gateway for authors, reviewers, and editorial contributors. It can be used by authors to track the status of submitted manuscripts. It is also used to resubmit revised manuscripts and during the production process.
My Author Portal login details are provided by email during the submission process unless you had an account prior to manuscript submission. If you did not receive the email, please use the password retrieval function.
You will be notified by email of any changes in the status of your submission. If you do not receive updates for an extended period, login to My Author Portal and verify that your email address is correct. If it is correct, contact us so we can investigate further.

correct, contact us so we can investigate further.
Peer Review Report and Editorial Decision-Making Process
Peer review takes four weeks on average, although longer or shorter periods are sometimes seen owing to factors such as the time of year, your manuscript's subject area, and the availability of reviewers. The editorial decision on your manuscript will be carried out by the journal's Editor in Chief, Deputy Editor in Chief, an Associate Editor, or on rare occasions, by a member of the journal's Editorial Board. The decision will incorporate the peer reviewers' comments into their decision. Once this is complete, the peer review report for your manuscript will be immediately sent to you. The decision will be (i) to revise and resubmit your manuscript based on reviewer comment for re-evaluation, (ii) accept pending the authors adequately addressing reviewer and editor concerns, (iii) immediate acceptance without further revisions, or (iv) reject as the manuscript does not meet the journal's acceptance criteria or, if the manuscript was a resubmission, because peer reviewer comments have not been adequately addressed.
In cases where the decision-maker requests changes to the manuscript based on reviewer comments and if authors repeatedly fail to respond to reviewers' recommendations, then the paper may be rejected at this stage
Read more about how to prepare a revised manuscript here.

If your paper is accepted subject to the authors making the changes described in the peer review report to the editorial decision-maker's satisfaction, the final editorial decision is considered to be the one when the editorial decision-maker accepts the paper for publication. The decision-maker may request further changes before making a final decision to accept the paper for publication, and if authors repeatedly fail to respond to reviewers' recommendations then the paper may be rejected at this stage. After the final editorial decision the paper will move into production after any applicable fees are paid.
For papers accepted by the editorial decision-maker immediately following peer review without any changes being required, this acceptance constitutes the final editorial decision and the paper moves into production after any applicable fees are paid.
If your paper is rejected then processing halts following the editorial decision. You may resubmit your paper to another journal if you wish. In some circumstances it may be possible to re-submit the manuscript if the recommendations made by the reviewers are first addressed. In this case your paper will be subject to peer review again.

Before publication SAGE requires the authors as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor's Publishing Agreement. SAGE publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons licenses. The standard license is Creative Commons by Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced and the use is non-commercial. For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page.

Alternative license arrangements are available, for example, to meet particular funder mandates, made at the author's request.

Communication: We are conscious of, and understand, how keen authors are to see their work published. SAGE Production Editors maintain regular communication with journal editors and authors throughout the production process.
Proofs: We will email a PDF of the proofs to the corresponding author. Please return corrected proofs as soon as possible, or by the deadline requested, so as not to delay the publication process.
Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article's progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

We value your feedback to ensure we continue to improve our author service levels. On publication all corresponding authors will receive a brief survey questionnaire on your experience of publishing with SAGE. Do take the time to complete this as we are responsive to your comments, and they are valued highly by our journal editors.
Open access continuous publication: One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an open access journal is the speed to publication. With no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time it will be completely free to view and download for all.
Promoting your article: Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article's impact with Kudos.

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