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An updated review on the targeted therapies of non-small cell lung cancer.
Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of death in industrialized and developing countries. Approximately 80% of patients are diagnosed with non-small cell histology. Although a multidisciplinary approach is necessary for the treatment of patients at early or locally-advanced stages of the disease, further successes in the treatment of patients with advanced disease will largely rely on improved systemic tumor control. Although therapies directed against the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) have been incorporated into daily clinical practice, the value of other treatments remains to be elucidated. The current review highlights the most important driver mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and describes recent study results and the status of EGFR-directed therapy, anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-directed agents, antiangiogenic therapy, and mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor (MET) inhibitors. However, many other agents with different modes of action are being examined in clinical research.
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