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The search for cytotoxic agents from marine natural products ultimately led to the production of eribulin, which is a synthetic macrocyclic ketone analog of halichondrin B. Eribulin binds to tubulin to induce mitotic arrest and gained approval in Japan in May 2010; it was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in November 2010 and the European Medicines Agency in March 2011 and was reimbursed by the Taiwan National Health Insurance in December 2014 for patients with metastatic breast cancer who had received at least one anthracycline and one taxane. The recommended regimen for eribulin mesylate comprises intravenous administration of 1.4 mg/m² (equivalent to 1.23 mg/m² eribulin) over two to five minutes on days 1 and 8 of a three-week cycle. Since 2011, various clinical investigations of eribulin monotherapy with dose or schedule modifications, combined use with other antineoplastic therapeutics, or head-to-head comparisons with specific agents have been performed in the management of advanced breast cancer. Ethnic-specific data from Japan and Korea indicate higher rates (>85%) of grade 3 or 4 neutropenia. Some anecdotal evidence suggests that eribulin can shrink brain and retinal metastases, which warrants further detailed studies. In this review, current observations of the effects of eribulin monotherapy are summarized and eribulin-backbone combination (bio-) chemotherapy is investigated.
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