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JOURNAL

Cancer Informatics

Gene-Set Reduction for Analysis of Major and Minor Gleason Scores Based on Differential Gene-Set Expressions and Biological Pathways in Prostate Cancer

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Cancer Informatics 2017:16 1176935117730016

Original Research

Published on 11 Sep 2017

DOI: 10.1177/1176935117730016


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Abstract

The Gleason score (GS) plays an important role in prostate cancer detection and treatment. It is calculated based on a sum between its major and minor components, each ranging from 1 to 5, assigned after examination of sample cells taken from each side of the prostate gland during biopsy. A total GS of at least 7 is associated with more aggressive prostate cancer. However, it is still unclear how prostate cancer outcomes differ for various distributions of GS between its major and minor components. This article applies Significance Analysis of Microarray for Gene-Set Reduction to a real microarray study of patients with prostate cancer and identifies 13 core genes differentially expressed between patients with a major GS of 3 and a minor GS of 4, or (3,4), vs patients with a combination of (4,3), starting from a less aggressive GS combination of (3,3), and moving toward a more aggressive one of (4,4) via gray areas of (3,4) and (4,3). The resulting core genes may improve understanding of prostate cancer in patients with a total GS of 7, the most common grade and most challenging with respect to prognosis.



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