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JOURNAL

Nutrition and Metabolic Insights

High D(+)-Fructose Diet Adversely Affects Testicular Weight Gain in Weaning Rats─Protection by Moderate D(+)-Glucose Diet

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Nutrition and Metabolic Insights 2013:6 29-34

Short Report

Published on 15 Jul 2013

DOI: 10.4137/NMI.S12584


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Abstract

The use of high D(+)-fructose corn syrup has increased over the past several decades in the developed countries, while overweight and obesity rates and the related diseases have risen dramatically. However, we found that feeding a high D(+)-fructose diet (80% D(+)-fructose as part of the diet) to weaning rats for 21 days led to reduced food intake (50% less, P , 0.0001) and thus delayed the weight gains in the body (40% less, P , 0.0001) and testes (40% less, P , 0.0001) compared to the no D(+)-fructose diet. We also challenged a minimum requirement of dietary D(+)-glucose for preventing the adverse effects of D(+)-fructose, such as lower food intake and reduction of body weight and testicular weight; the minimum requirement of D(+)-glucose was ≈23% of the diet. This glucose amount may be the minimum requirement of exogenous glucose for reducing weight gain.



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