Close
Help




JOURNAL

Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research

Incidence and Potential Significance of Internal Mammary Lymphadenopathy on Computed Tomography in Patients with a Diagnosis of Primary Breast Cancer

Submit a Paper


Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research 2015:9 59-65

Original Research

Published on 04 Aug 2015

DOI: 10.4137/BCBCR.S25782


Further metadata provided in PDF



Sign up for email alerts to receive notifications of new articles published in Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research

Abstract

Introduction: The importance of internal mammary nodes (IMNs) in the staging and treatment of breast cancer patients is controversial.

Methods: A retrospective cohort of patients diagnosed with primary breast cancer over a 4-year period (January 2009 to December 2012) was assessed. The number and size of any IMNs visible on spiral computed tomography (CT) were recorded.

Results: A total of 830 patients were diagnosed with primary breast cancer within the identified time frame, of which 150 patients met the inclusion criteria. Of these 42% (63) had IMNs present, although the majority were small (<5 mm). However, 16% (25) had larger nodes, greater than 5 mm in short axis, present on CT. Significantly more patients with the presence of large (>5 mm) IMNs had more advanced disease with CT evidence of other distant spread.

Conclusion: We have demonstrated that IMNs are present in a substantial number of our primary breast cancer patients. We suggest that further histological research is required to establish reliable CT size criterion for pathological IMNs. In addition, routine imaging of the IM chain, as well as axilla, should be considered in the staging of breast cancer.



Downloads

PDF  (1.14 MB PDF FORMAT)

RIS citation   (ENDNOTE, REFERENCE MANAGER, PROCITE, REFWORKS)

BibTex citation   (BIBDESK, LATEX)

XML




What Your Colleagues Say About Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
I had a great experience publishing our paper in Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research. The editorial team is very friendly and helpful. I was updated frequently during the entire review and publishing process. The review process is very reasonable and fair. The editor in charge has good judgement on review comments. I would recommend this journal to any researchers who conduct breast cancer research.
Dr Yanfen Hu (University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA)
More Testimonials

Quick Links


New article and journal news notification services