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Japanese Clinical Medicine

Introduction of New Laryngeal Closure Methods for Patients with Intractable Aspiration

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Japanese Clinical Medicine 2011:2 53-55

Short Report

Published on 04 Sep 2011

DOI: 10.4137/JCM.S7537


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Abstract

Abstract: The aging population in Japan has recently resulted in a rapid increase in elderly individuals. Airway management is thus being required more and more often. Aspiration pneumonia is a life-threatening problem among patients with swallowing problems. Several new surgical methods of laryngeal closure that are easier and safer than previous methods have been developed. Among these new methods, we have performed the Kano method as closure of the larynx using double flaps of the divided craniad vocal folds and the divided caudad vocal folds with partial resection of the thyroid and cricoid cartilages for patients with intractable aspiration. We encountered minor leakage in two patients, but these soon closed spontaneously. This procedure is less invasive than other methods such as total laryngectomy and tracheal separation and has great advantages in terms of low blood loss and short duration of the operation.



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