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JOURNAL

Japanese Clinical Medicine

KRAS Mutation as a Potential Prognostic Biomarker of Biliary Tract Cancers

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Japanese Clinical Medicine 2016:7 33-39

Original Research

Published on 13 Dec 2016

DOI: 10.4137/JCM.S40549


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Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to identify the unique molecular characteristics of biliary tract cancer (BTC) for the development of novel molecular-targeted therapies.

Materials and methods: We performed mutational analysis of KRAS, BRAF, PIK3CA, and FBXW7 and immunohistochemical analysis of EGFR and TP53 in 63 Japanese patients with BTC and retrospectively evaluated the association between the molecular characteristics and clinicopathological features of BTC.

Results: KRAS mutations were identified in 9 (14%) of the 63 BTC patients; no mutations were detected within the analyzed regions of BRAF, PIK3CA, and FBXW7. EGFR overexpression was observed in 5 (8%) of the 63 tumors, while TP53 overexpression was observed in 48% (30/63) of the patients. Overall survival of patients with KRAS mutation was significantly shorter than that of patients with the wild-type KRAS gene (P = 0.005). By multivariate analysis incorporating molecular and clinicopathological features, KRAS mutations and lymph node metastasis were identified to be independently associated with shorter overall survival (KRAS, P = 0.004; lymph node metastasis, P = 0.015).

Conclusions: Our data suggest that KRAS mutation is a poor prognosis predictive biomarker for the survival in BTC patients.



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