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JOURNAL

Bioinformatics and Biology Insights

Structural Prediction and In Silico Physicochemical Characterization for Mouse Caltrin I and Bovine Caltrin Proteins

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Bioinformatics and Biology Insights 2016:10 225-236

Original Research

Published on 30 Oct 2016

DOI: 10.4137/BBI.S38191


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Abstract

It is known that caltrin (calcium transport inhibitor) protein binds to sperm cells during ejaculation and inhibits extracellular Ca²⁺ uptake. Although the sequence and some biological features of mouse caltrin I and bovine caltrin are known, their physicochemical properties and tertiary structure are mainly unknown. We predicted the 3D structures of mouse caltrin I and bovine caltrin by molecular homology modeling and threading. Surface electrostatic potentials and electric fields were calculated using the Poisson–Boltzmann equation. Several different bioinformatics tools and available web servers were used to thoroughly analyze the physicochemical characteristics of both proteins, such as their Kyte and Doolittle hydropathy scores and helical wheel projections. The results presented in this work significantly aid further understanding of the molecular mechanisms of caltrin proteins modulating physiological processes associated with fertilization.



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