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Clinical Medicine Insights: Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders

The Disease-Modifying Effects of Hyaluronan in the Osteoarthritic Disease State

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Clinical Medicine Insights: Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017:10 1179544117723611

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Published on 11 Aug 2017

DOI: 10.1177/1179544117723611


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Abstract

Hyaluronic acid (HA) has been a treatment modality for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) for many years now. Since HA was first introduced for the treatment of painful knee OA, much has been elucidated regarding both the etiology of this disease and the mechanisms by which HA may mitigate joint pain and tissue destruction. The objectives of this article are to (1) describe the etiology and pathophysiology of OA including both what is known about the genetics and biochemistry, (2) describe the role of HA on disease progression, (3) detail the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory actions of HA in OA, and (4) present evidence of disease-modifying effects of HA in the preservation and restoration of the extracellular matrix. These data support that HA is not only just a simple device used for viscosupplementation but also a biologically active molecule that can affect the physiology of articular cartilage.



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